Pferdchen, Fundort: Vogelherd (Hildegard Jensen, Universität Tübingen)

General map


Archaeological highlights

In the caves of the Swabian Alb findings of worldwide interest have been discovered - the humankind's earliest work of arts, nearly 40.000 years old! It is easy to experience the history of the former inhabitants of the Swabian Alb directly at the find spots or in different museums, from ice age hunters to Celts and Romans.

Ice Age art - the oldest artworks created by men
The caves in the Alb region represent a unique archive of history of civilization. World-famous discoveries were made in the caves of the Ach and Lone valleys − the oldest artworks created by man. The early Stone Age people created figures and instruments from mammoth ivory and animal bones.

The most sensational finds and oldest artworks are the nearly 40,000 year-old Venus from Hohle Fels in the Ach valley, the legendary lion man from the Hohlenstein in Lone valley or the little horse, the mammoth and many other small figures from the caves in the Ach and Lone valleys. There are also some old tools and remains of hunting quarry which bear witness to how people used to live on the Alb.

Celts on the Swabian Alb
Between the 8th and 5th centuries B.C., increasing numbers of Celts moved to the Alb. The first burial mounds or tumuli were formed. The quantity and quality of the burial objects - especially jewellery and weapons - show that the people were well-off. The most beautiful discoveries were made in the princes' tumuli near the Heuneburg hill fort in Hundersingen. The tribes were then having to face more and more attacks from their enemies which led to the construction of walls, ditches and a hill fort as fortifications on the Ipf mountain near Bopfingen. Rectangular enclosures were formed and the Celts even created completely fortified towns - for example the oppidum, Elsachstadt near Grabenstetten.

Limestor Dalkingen (Ostalbkreis)Romans and Limes
After the Great Wall of China, the Limes is the longest ground monument in the world. With a total length of 550 kilometres, the Limes used to be the border between the Roman Empire and the Germanic tribal communities and used to run straight across Germany in ancient times. In the Ostalb region, which is part of the Geopark, there is a 59.4 kilometre-section  of the Limes. The Limes in Germany was admitted as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site in July 2005.



Open Air Museum Heuneburg

The oldest mudbrick wall north of the Alps. Remains of a Celtic hill-top settlement have been preserved  in the Upper Danube region near Hundersingen for over 2,500 years. Over the last few years, part of this unique site has been reconstructed and made into an open air museum.

Wildpferd aus der Vogelherdhöhle (Hildegard Jensen, Uni Tübingen)

Oldest artworks and instruments

Some of humankind’s earliest works of art and instruments were discovered in the area of Blaubeuren, Ulm and Niederstotzingen on the Swabian Alb. They were created

Oldest artworks and instruments

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Hohlenstein Stadel (Reiner Enkelmann)

Find spots of Ice Age art

As a landscape with a high cave density, the Alb offered Ice Age animals, for example, plenty of special habitats and the Stone Age people then used these caves

Find spots of Ice Age art

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Urgeschichtliches Museum Blaubeuren

Prehistoric Museum Blaubeuren

The caves around Blaubeuren are amongst the most important archaeological sites in the world. Both Neanderthals and the early anatomically modern man lived on the edge Prehistoric Museum Blaubeuren

Wildpferd aus der Vogelherdhöhle (Hildegard Jensen, Uni Tübingen)

Museum Hohentübingen Castle

Among the most famous exhibits of the University of Tübingen at the Museum Hohentübingen Castle are the figurines of the "Vogelherdhöhle". They are among the oldest artworks created by men.  unimuseum

Limes Museum Aalen

Here you can find out everything about Roman culture and the life of the Romans: from the life of simple people to the service of Roman soldiers and the triumphs of the Roman emperors. Original finds such as statues of emperors, weapons and pieces of equipment or the foundations of Roman buildings bring Roman times to life.

Limestor Dalkingen (Ostalbkreis)

Limes Gate Dalkingen

The Limes Gate at Dalkingen is unique across the entire section of the Limes between the Rhine and the Danube. At this section, where an important traffic route crosses the Limes to the north, the Romans first erected a simple lookout tower and later a large gate building about 15 x 15 m in size, the purpose of which was probably to oversee the Limes passageway.

Mammut aus der Vogelherdhöhle (Hildegard Jensen, Uni Tübingen)

Archaeopark Vogelherd

The Archeopark integrates information about the Ice Age with the location, allowing visitors to experience how people lived here   Archaeopark Vogelherd


The oppidum Heidengraben covers a total area of 1,662 hectares and is the largest Celtic settlement similar to a town in Central Europe. In the Heidengraben Celtic Museum in Grabenstetten, some of the archaeological finds are on display.

Open-air Museum Hechingen Stein

One of the largest and best preserved Roman estates of 1st - 3rd Century AD. Several buildings have been excavated and partially reconstructed.

Löwenmensch aus dem Hohlenstein Stadel (T. Stephan, Ulmer Museum)

Cave of Lion-headed Figurine

In the „Cave of the Lion-headed Figurine“ in Rammingen-Lindenau, you gain a first impression of the Lonetal (Lone Valley) caves where the oldest figurative

Cave of Lion-headed Figurine

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